Resettlement Action Plan Programme

Resettlement is a critical element of any green field land oriented project. Agro EcoEnergy is therefore fully complying with both the African Development Bank requirements and IFC (World Bank) Performance Standards (2012) on Involuntary Resettlement. The Project is being undertaken in phases reflecting the development of the overall Project. The Initial resettlement covers the first phase and encompasses the two small sub villages of Matipwili - Kaloleni and Gobole (approx. 85 households). Agro Ecoenergy resettlement team, have worked closely with Project Affected Persons in realising their vision as well as complying with the Tanzania Ministry of Lands and Human Settlement vision ‘the guardian of secure land tenure, decent housing and sustainable human settlements for socio–economic benefits”

The international standards on resettlement consider socio-economic living conditions and standards of affected persons after they have moved from the project area. This differs from the approach of land ‘compensation’ of Tanzanian Law, specifically the Land Act, where only cash compensation is preferred. This tends to leave people poorer because they lack skills of converting cash into housing and land after eviction.

Early Measures Training

Resettlement is a critical element of any green field project. Agro EcoEnergy is fully taking an account and its responsibilities in the planning of involuntary resettlement process. As well as fully complying with both the African Development Bank requirements and IFC (World Bank) Performance Standards (2012) on Involuntary Resettlement. 

The Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is also intended to meet the Ministry of Lands and Human Settlements vision of being ‘the guardian of secure land tenure, decent housing and sustainable human settlements for socio–economic benefits’.

The Project is being undertaken in phases reflecting the development of the overall Project.  The first phase encompasses the two small sub villages of Matipwili (Kaloleni and Gobole). The main Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) from which all the following addendums for subsequent phases is based, has taken into account all those that were in the Project site, living, working or using the natural resources at the time of public announcement of the Project area (the cut-off Date). This is regardless of legal title to the land, ethnic origin, gender or profession. Thus, those Project Affected People (PAPs) whether farmers, fishermen, traders, transient charcoal producers or pastoralists all have various innovative programmes to ensure homes and/or livelihoods are replaced or restored with various degrees of improvement. 

The First Phase includes the involuntary resettlement of the following people

COMMUNITIES

HOUSEHOLDS

Kaloleni

29

Gobole

23

Charcoal producers Dam 3,4&5

20

Pastoralists

13

TOTAL

85

 

The key elements of the RAP include:

  • Cash or in-kind options
  • Land for land provided where available
  • Improved housing
  • Improved restoration or replacement of livelihoods through training and support programmes
  • Access to public services
  • Access to potable water
  • Support for vulnerable people
  • Support to relieve stress on the host community

Where there is a difference in values between Tanzanian Law which provides ‘cash compensation at current market value, less depreciation’ and international standards of ‘replacement value with improvements’, a PAP Development Fund is being created to support the PAPs through the transitional phases of resettlement and start their new lives.

Due to the complexity of the Project and the resulting long lead in time, Agro EcoEnergy’s resettlement team has developed a series of Early Measures and taster training programmes to support the people for the up-coming changes in their lives, all of which have been funded by the Agro EcoEnergy. These interventions to date have included:

  • Basic numeracy and literacy;
  • Youth Empowerment
  • Biodiversity and environmental training
  • Training on specific courses of their choices such as Poultry, Aquaculture, Catering, Tailoring, Horticulture, Welding, Carpentry, Brick Making, Masonry, Driving, Mobile Phone Repair Entrepreneurship and Trading
  • Health Screening on Clinical TB, Malaria, Filariasis, worm infestation and HIV/AIDS with free treatment for those testing positive provided under an ethical approval scheme with Ifakara Health Institute, Government and Swiss TPH.
  • Training in using solar energy together with SolarAid and support to purchase solar packs
  • Specific support for pastoralists, including retaining land within the Project site, Swahili classes, support to form a Barbaig youth co-operative, and registration in local villages to access vet-meds and the agreements to introduce the first ever primary boarding school in the Pwani region for access to pastoralists children.

Phase one of resettlement will start with disclosure to the people to allow them to make informed choices of whether they wish to receive” in-kind or in-cash compensation”. It aimed to commence in the first half of 2014. 

As subsequent phases of the Project are rolled out, updates will be provided on the website of further numbers of impacted people.

The study on Resettlement Action Plan has been conducted and approved by the Ministry of Land and specifically AfDB. Download RAP